What Is Backdrafting? And How to Prevent it?

If you own or recently installed a ducted range hood, you want to ensure that it operates as efficiently as possible. This involves reducing or eliminating backdrafting from your range hood’s exhaust duct system. But what is backdrafting?

Backdrafting happens when outside air enters your range hood duct and becomes trapped inside the duct. This air is then forced back into the kitchen, hence the term “backdrafting.”

But there is a lot more to discuss, So, in this article, we will cover what a backdrafting is, why it’s important, and how you can prevent it, so you can keep your kitchen properly ventilated. We’ll also talk about what can happen if the problem isn’t addressed.

Editor’s note: This article has been updated on September 12, 2021 to include additional information regarding backdrafting.

What is Backdrafting?

A backdraft is a reverse movement of air. Backdrafting occurs when air that is meant to be ventilated outside, gets trapped in the ductwork of the home. That air can then make its way back into the home, or remain in your ducts allowing grease and oil to stick to the sides of your ductwork. This severely reduces the efficiency of your ventilation system.

How to prevent backdrafting

Here are five tips for preventing backdrafting in your range hood duct.

1. Use a backdraft damper

You can install a backdraft damper in line with your ductwork or at the point where your hood meets the ductwork.

A backdraft damper prevents outside air from entering the range hood duct. This is the most effective method of preventing back-drafting in the first place. As soon as the hood is turned on, the damper opens, allowing fresh air to enter your home from the outside. When you turn off your hood, the vent closes, preventing outside air from entering the duct.

Installing an inline backdraft damper a few feet away from the outside of your home will yield the best results.

If you want to see how these dampers work and how to install one, take a look at this video from Fresh Air Manufacturing Co.

‘Back Draft Damper Installation – How to Install a Damper’ by Air Manufacturing Co.

2. Use a wall or a roof cap

Installing a wall or roof cap at the end of your duct run will help to further reduce the possibility of backdrafting. As a result, not only does outside air not get into the duct, but it also prevents leaves, dirt, and small animals from getting into your ductwork

3. Limit the length of your duct run

In order for the range hood to be effective, it must move the air with enough force to get it out of the duct and out of the home. As a result, if your duct run is excessively long, the air in your duct may become stagnant and begin to flow back into your kitchen.

4. Reducing the number of elbows in your ductwork

The more elbows you use, the more work is required to exhaust the air in your kitchen, this can significantly increase the chance that unwanted air will get trapped inside your ductwork. If you absolutely must use more than two elbows, we recommend getting a range hood with enough CFM to handle the twists and turns in your ductwork. 

  • Consider including at least 18″ of straight run before adding an elbow when installing your ductwork. 
  • 5′ should be added to the total length of your duct run for each elbow in your ductwork. Consider the following example: a 25-yard straight run is about the same as a 15-yard run with two elbows.
  • Ensure there is at least 24″ of straight duct between each elbow before installing the duct

5. Keep your filters clean

Using clean range hood filters will guarantee that the air coming from your kitchen is circulated smoothly through your range hood.

Inside A Clean Ventilation Ductwork What is Backdrafting
Inside a clean ventilation duct.

What are the consequences of backdrafting

1. Grease will accumulate in your ductwork

When backdrafting occurs, not all of the kitchen air will make it to the outside. Some of that air will remain trapped within the ductwork. Over time, the grease and oils from that air will stick to the sides of the duct, lowering the efficiency of your range hood’s performance significantly.

In most cases, you will never have to clean the ductwork in your range hood. Just make sure to clean those filters every three to six weeks to keep them running smoothly.

2. Your range hood’s lifespan will decrese

Backdrafting occurs when outside air pushes against inside air that’s trying to escape through the kitchen vents and into the outdoors. And the duct system must contend with a great deal of resistance.

As a result, your hoods motors need to work harder in order to move the air out of your home. Over time, this puts a significant amount of strain on the motor, reducing the lifespan of your range hood.

3. Smoke and odors will remain in your kitchen

As time passes, you may begin to notice that smoke and cooking odors aren’t leaving your kitchen as quickly as they once did. 

If you notice that your hood isn’t working properly, check to see if you have a backdraft damper and a wall or roof cap installed. 

Double-check your duct installation to ensure that you’re following the industry’s recommended procedures. 

Conclusion

In this article, we discuss what back drafting is, how it works and how to prevent it. We hope you use this information to take any backdrafting issues you may have or prevent it from ever becoming an issue in the first place. Below are some key takeaways:

Key takeaways

  • A range hood can keep your kitchen cooker.
  • A ductless range hood will not cool down your kitchen, only a ducted hood will.
  • The air outside should be cooler than inside to be cool down the kitchen.
  • Don’t leave your hood fan on for more than 2 hours at a time.

 If you’d like to learn more about range hoods, check out our full blog here. Stay safe!

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