Check out The Best Wall Mount Range Hoods of 2022.

How Many Amps Does a Range Hood Draw? (Answered)

Wondering how many amps a range hood draws? Here's an estimate based on the average household electrical usage.

If this post helps you, please share it!

If you’re considering purchasing a range hood, you may wonder how many amps it pulls. After all, this is an important consideration when selecting a hood because the more amps it uses, the less energy it will consume. The truth is that it depends on the model and its features. But how many amps does a range hood draw?

This article will teach you what a range hood is, how it works, and how many amps it draws so you can have an idea before installing one.h

Image of a small kitchen with dark gray wall and countertop. Pexels
Image of a small kitchen with dark gray wall and countertop. Pexels

Range hoods can draw anywhere from 100 watts up to 10,000 watts. It depends on the model and size of the range hood you’re looking to buy. Generally, a range hood that draws 500 watts or less is usually enough for most kitchens. If your kitchen is larger or you plan on using the range hood for other purposes (like drying dishes), you’ll want to choose a model that draws more watts.

What is a range hood

You might be surprised to learn that range hoods are a relatively new invention, dating back to 1937. This kitchen appliance was designed for a dirt-floored home in Dallas and is intended to improve air quality while cooking. The invention was changed and improved many times before it became the modern luxury appliance it is today.

There are two types of hood designs: ducted and duct-free, and each has advantages and disadvantages in terms of hood functionality and air quality. The type of range hood you have is usually determined by your house and kitchen layout. Because it is too difficult or impossible to install a ducted hood that allows you to release kitchen air outside if you live in a condominium or apartment, you are more likely to have a duct-free hood.

How does a range hood work

A range hood is a device to disperse cooking smoke and fumes away from the user and into the air. It works by sucking in air from the room and turning it into a stream of air that is heated and forced out the top of the hood, where it can be dispersed. This ensures that the user and other people in the room are protected from harmful cooking fumes.

What are the benefits of having the right ampere for your range hoods (advantages)

Upgrading to a high-quality range hood can be an easy way to enhance your cooking experience. There are many benefits to having the right ampere for your range. Here are a few of the most important ones:

  • It will provide enough power to clean your range hood and filters properly.
  • It will be easy to install and remove, making it easy to keep your range hood in top condition.
  • It will be easy to keep clean, minimizing the chance of build-up and preventing potential health hazards.
  • It will be durable and withstand the rigors of daily use.

How many amps does a range hood draw

Whether you hardwire your range hood or plug it into an outlet, you should be aware of the amps it consumes. You can choose a circuit breaker based on its intended use.

Even when selecting appliances to run alongside it, you must consider the amperage of the range hood. A range hood consumes 5 to 7 amps. You can connect it to a dedicated circuit or plug it into a shared outlet with other appliances. The appliances must have a lower power rating than the range hood.

It cannot, for example, power an electric stove, which requires 30 to 50 amps. However, you can connect an over-the-range microwave oven that draws only 5 to 10 amps.

What amp breaker do I need for my range hood

Range hoods come in various shapes and sizes, with different amp requirements. To help you figure out what type of breaker you need, please follow these steps:

1. Turn off the power to your range hood. This will allow you to determine which circuit your range hood is connected to.

2. Find the circuit breaker for your range hood. This can be done by looking at the manual with your range hood or calling a utility company.

3. Look up the amp requirements of your range hood. This information should be included on the breaker or in the manual with your range hood.

4. Determine which breaker is needed. Find the appropriate breaker and turn it on based on the amp requirements.

Image of a simple and clean kitchen
Image of a simple and clean kitchen. Pexels

What are the various ampere ratings for range hoods

There are a few different ampere ratings for range hoods, depending on the range hood you buy. The most common ratings are 20, 25, and 30 amperes. Here are a few more details about each rating:

20 Amperes

This rating is for standard range hoods that use filters to trap cooking particles and other particulates. These range hoods are usually adequate for smaller kitchens.

25 Amperes

This rating is for high-end range hoods with more advanced filters designed to trap larger particles, such as grease and smoke. They’re usually appropriate for larger kitchens.

30 Amperes

This rating is for high-end range hoods with the most advanced filters and is designed to trap even the smallest particles. They’re usually used in commercial settings or kitchens with high demands on air quality.

What Gauge Wire Do You Need for a Range Hood

The connected breaker’s amp is the most important deciding factor regarding the required gauge wire for a range hood to function properly.

A 14/2 or 12/2 gauge wire can typically be used to support a range hood. If the appliance requires a 15-amp breaker, use a 14/2 gauge wire; if the appliance requires a 20-amp breaker, use a 12/2 gauge wire. If you’re unsure which wire to use for your amp breaker, a copper 12/2 is often sufficient.

Finally, if you are considering installing a hood range, ensure you are familiar with your home’s electrical system before changing any wires or breakers. Otherwise, it is best to outsource this task to a professional.

If you want even more tips and insights, watch this video called “How to Choose The Right Range Hood – 2021 Buyer’s Guide” from the Proline Range Hoods YouTube Channel.

A video called “How to Choose The Right Range Hood – 2021 Buyer’s Guide” from the Proline Range Hoods YouTube Channel.
Advertisements

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Do you still have questions? Below are some of the most commonly asked questions about range hoods.

What gauge wire do you need for a range hood?

A 14/2 or 12/2 gauge wire can typically be used to support a range hood. If the appliance requires a 15-amp breaker, use a 14/2 gauge wire; if the appliance requires a 20-amp breaker, use a 12/2 gauge wire. If you’re unsure which wire to use for your amp breaker, a copper 12/2 is often sufficient.

Is a dedicated circuit required for a range hood?

Installing your range hood on its dedicated circuit is always recommended for maximum safety and functionality. The National Electrical Code defines range hood specifications in Article 422.16 and states (3), “the receptacle is supplied by an individual branch circuit” (source).

Why can’t the range hood be connected to a kitchen receptacle?

NEC 210.52 governs kitchen outlets. Any outlet that could be used to plug in a range hood, on the other hand, will most likely be placed higher than 5.5 ft (1.7m) or in a cabinet. As a result, the outlet will be outside of NEC 210.52.

According to NEC 210.52(B)(2), no other outlets can be added to the small-appliance branch circuit. This means that an outlet connected to a small-appliance branch circuit cannot be higher than 5.5 ft or located in a cabinet. Because range hoods are elevated, the outlet should also be elevated and preferably concealed within a cabinet.

Does a range hood need to be grounded?

If you have recently moved into a new home and the range hood is very noisy and bothersome, it may be time to replace it. Many older homes no longer have a grounded circuit. Most older homes have only two wires connecting to the range hood.

If you need to replace the range hood, you no longer need to ground it. However, even if it is not required by code, installing a ground fault circuit interrupter is prudent. This is done for safety and precaution.

Conclusion

By now, we hope that you know everything about range hoods. If you aren’t sure how many amps a range hood draws, this guide will help you understand everything. You can also check out the AMP rating of your current range hood to determine whether it’s safe to install.

This article covered a range hood, how it works, and how many amps it draws. Here are some key takeaways:

Key takeaways

  • Range hoods are a relatively new invention, dating back to 1937.
  • A range hood is a device to disperse cooking smoke and fumes from the user and into the air.
  • A range hood consumes 5 to 7 amps. 
  • Many range hoods are rated at 15 amp circuits while they draw 17 amps per minute when running.
  • NLP
  • If space is half an amp, the electrician can install it on its circuit or as part of a system with other less powerful appliances.
  • A range hood does not need an individual circuit and can be wired into the existing wiring system.

So, have you checked how many amps your range hood draws? And did I cover everything you wanted to know? And what do you think of my list? Let me know in the comments section below (I read and reply to every comment). If you found this article helpful, check out my full blog for more tips and tricks in your kitchen. Thanks for reading, and stay safe.

Helpful resources

If this post helps you, please share it!

Author avatar - Roger Harris
Written By Roger Harris
Hey there! My name is Roger, and I've been selling range hoods for over six years. I now run this blog all about range hoods and kitchen ventilation! If you're looking for a new range hood for your kitchen, this is the place for you.

Leave a Comment